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Originally titled A Psychologist's Idleness, it was renamed Twilight of the Idols or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer. His style is forceful, incisive, and epigrammatic. Twilight of the Idols, or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer (German: Götzen-Dämmerung, oder, Wie man mit dem Hammer philosophirt) is one of Nietzsche’s shortest books, written in 1888 and published in 1889, and was written to serve as an introduction to the rest of his corpus. Reality, however, is a state of transformation, change, disunity, plurality, and becoming. To me, this indicates that the difference between a life in ascendency and a life in decline is not ontological, but rather only a matter of degree. The ‘will to power’is the striving to extend the self. Reading Nietzsche again 5 years later has given me the opportunity to rediscover why I adore Nietzsche, however this time reading his text raised more questions than it answered. Each chapter has 5-12 paragraphs, with the exception of “Expeditions of an Untimely Man,” which has 51 paragraphs. Nietzsche disagrees with Socrates that self-knowledge is virtue, and that virtue is attained by knowledge of the self. Freedom is measured by the resistance that has to be overcome, and by the effort it takes, to make choices and be responsible for them. An ideal world of unchanging being is only a state of non-being, or nothingness. In comparison to other works of the period, such as The Antichrist or Ecce Homo, Twilight of the Idols is surprisingly well paced and rather lucid. Man must take responsibility for his decisions. Denial of instinct is a denial of the ‘will to life.’. Freedom is gained by accepting and by affirming life, despite life’s pain and suffering. Our cheerfulness is what is most incomprehensible about us. Both however, as art, attempt to exert their power on the external world. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 208 pages and is available in Paperback format. Nietzsche’s Twilight of the Idols. Socratic rationalism was an attempt to gain mastery of the self, by opposing reason to instinct. Freedom requires struggle against hardship. Life itself cannot be subject to judgements, neither good nor bad, since the one who judges is “a party to the dispute”: one cannot judge life because s/he is part of life and does not have access to a perspective in which the entirety of “life” can be grasped, (13). There are no moral facts, only moral interpretations of facts. Copyright © FreeBookNotes.com 2014-2020. Man must say either “yes’ or “no” to life, there is no middle path. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Reality is eternally changing, and is not a constant, immutable state of being. I recently returned to Nietzsche, and this time to Twilight of the Idols; a brief text which can be described as an overview of his project. However, the life in decline is a sickly, decaying life which infect others with its weakness. Nietzsche condemns Christianity, describing it as corrupt and decadent. Virtue in Instinct. The Apollonian and the Dionysian transform each other, so that mastery of irrationality is obtained, and the Dionysian condition becomes the creative 'will of life' to affirm itself. In a sense, it’s a life which has come to loathe life itself and expresses this in its attempts to escape life’s instincts, tragedies, and violence through a variety of methods (e.g. Those of the ascending line follow instinct, they do not judge according to good or evil, but seeks to maximize their innate capacity and even faces tragedy and suffering with no remorse or resentment (or ressentiment). are 1 Short Summary and 2 Book Reviews. Nietzsche instead says that there must be a ‘revaluation of values.’ He does not argue that moral value does not exist, but that it has been misinterpreted and misunderstood. Nietzsche’s philosophy is not systematic. 49. Many of Nietzsche’s statements in Twilight of the Idols are deliberately provocative and controversial. Wikipedia - Twilight of the Idols Offers quick summary / overview and other basic information submitted by Wikipedia contributors who considers themselves "experts" in the topic at hand. He says that morality is false if it supposes that there are moral truths or values which are universal, or which are independent of the particular situations in which morality is applied. Nietzsche agrees with Heraclitus that reality is a continual state of becoming, and is not a state of being. Morality attempts to ‘improve’ human beings by weakening and subjugating them. The inspired condition is described as ‘Apollonian’ or ‘Dionysian.’ These are two antithetical concepts in Nietzsche’s aesthetic philosophy. FreeBookNotes has 6 more books by Friedrich Nietzsche, with a total of 18 study guides. Art is the result of the interaction or conflict between the Apollonian and the Dionysian. The ‘idols’ referred to by the title of the book are empty or hollow beliefs which can be ‘sounded out’ with the philosopher’s hammer. Nietzsche says that there is no basis for the equation of reason with virtue, or virtue with happiness. 1888 was a prolific year for Nietzsche. Freedom is also gained by mastery of the instinct for ‘happiness.’. Decisive action affirms the ‘will to life.’ Indecisiveness or moral questioning denies it. It is decadent, because it is opposed to instinct, even though instinct is an important part of the self. It’s been almost 5 years since I first encountered Friedrich Nietzsche‘s thought in the books On the Genealogy of Morals and Beyond Good and Evil. He attacks democracy, socialism, women, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, rationalism, and altruism. When one posits values–that is, pronounce a judgement on life, proclaim a truth, or distinguish between good/evil/bad–one is neither making objective declarations nor stating subjective feelings; rather, when one posit values, it is the expression of a particular kind of life in and through that person. Twilight of the Idols. Nietzsche defines freedom as the will to affirm and to be responsible for oneself. User-submitted reviews on Amazon often have helpful information about themes, characters, and other relevant topics. Also includes sites with a short overview, synopsis, book report, or summary of Friedrich Nietzsche’s Twilight of the Idols. The book’s title is a satirical reference to the title of Wagner’s opera, Twilight of the Gods (Götterdammerung). ), the resources below will generally offer Twilight of the Idols chapter summaries, quotes, and analysis of themes, characters, and symbols. By denying that we are accountable to God, we redeem ourselves. The means by which morality is enforced are actually immoral. According to Nietzsche, Socratic rationalism was a response to the anarchy of instinct. Nietzsche disagrees with Heraclitus that our senses may falsify reality. The difference between the ascending life and the declining life, again, is not an ontological one, rather is it a matter of degree, of representation and art. FreeBookNotes found 3 sites with book summaries or analysis of Twilight of the Idols. As Andrew and Tim have already noted, our recently concluded conference featured two sharply different views of Barack Obama. Assuming so, even the life in ascendency is not exempt from the tendencies of a life in decline.

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