Work with thousands of project teams across a number of industries around the world has led me to the conclusion that for complex projects in a fast-changing environment, Contributive Decision-Making is the best approach, maximizing the wisdom of the team while at the same time not sacrificing speed of decision. The foundation of decision making is a simple, actionable statement of the overarching strategy for the project, for example âwe are committed to being better, not biggerâ or âwe are out to be the lowest cost provider in our industry.â. Kohlberg argued that people develop their moral sense sequentially using three levels and six stages of moral reasoning. These might seem like broad terms, but they are important enough to create a solid framework for everyone, and specific enough so that each person can put his or her own spin on them.”, It’s not enough to seem honest, Griesel elaborates, because most people will be able to see right through you. B. This article discusses more on strategic decisions and why strategic decision making is important for any organization.. Strategic decisions are basically long term decisions, which affect the way the company moves forward. “If you find yourself approaching a task with ulterior motives, it might be time to step back and re-examine. Example: Here, your decision would be motivated by following the law, which includes the code of conduct of the organization that may or may not address taking credit for another’s work. Decision-making plays a vital role in management. On the other hand, the project manager on a complex, mission-critical project may be willing to tolerate a longer time-to-decision to obtain a higher degree of engagement. All managers are required to make decisions, but managers at different levels make different kinds of decisions. Authoritative decision-making creates dependence on authority and works best where the consequences of non-compliance are high (e.g., emergencies, prisons, military). In Stage 5, an individual is motivated by upholding the basic rights, values, and legal contracts of society. But what exactly does a leader do? Both of these false delegations cost the project in efficiency and effectiveness. With the free flow of information on the Internet, it is very difficult for top managers to separate their personal identities from their corporate positions. By providing clear criteria and obtaining the delegateeâs commitment to those criteria, the delegator ensures that the decisions that are made will meet his or her requirements and the needs of the project as a whole. Example: Reasoning at this stage would be driven by values such as honesty and personal responsibility. The decision maker assumes the role of a generalized member of society, and reasoning relies on a conception of the social system as a consistent set of codes and procedures that apply equally to all members of society. Consensus: The right people participate in and make the decision together. Example: The universal principle is: It is wrong to take credit for another’s work. One’s duty to society, respect for authority, and maintaining the social order become the focus of decision making. One of the previous articles wrote on the importance of Operational decisions and the role that they play in any business. However, the rule utilitarianism method argues to follow the rule: Never take credit for something you have not done, regardless of the consequences to yourself and others. Your work has been exemplary by all standards, including performance evaluations by your supervisor. Delegation is often poorly understood, and is confused on the one hand with abdication and on the other with pseudo-delegation. This is more than having a “Plan B” scenario in mind, Griesel explains. https://www.boundless.com/management/textbooks/boundless-management-textbook/introduction-to-management-1/additional-roles-and-skills-of-managers-20/mintzberg-s-management-roles-127-605/, http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2017/02/04/pittsburgh-uber-protest/, http://jmcintyre.wikispaces.com/bbi2o_functions_of_business_management. The short answer is all effective managers display leadership characteristics. People will continuously rely on your vision as well as your decisive decision-making skills to do what is in the best interests of your company’s health and the bottom line. They are the public face of the management team and represent the business in legal, economic, and social forums. What do your team’s operations look like from above? It diverts the students from falling into the trap that manages the students and saves their career life. Different types of projects will require different balance points between these two. Even with a good decision, execution is not always rapid nor acceptance always high. The Rights Theory plays a role in post-conventional thinking in that the co-workers have an ethical right to be given credit and you, as the decision-maker, have a duty to give them that credit.
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