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Here was where looters had struck, getting in via a door left open by Iraqi soldiers who, even as they fled, discarded their uniforms in a trail of clothing. Interpol and the University of Chicago have fastidiously maintained databases for objects looted from museum. [3], By the mid 1920s the black market for antiquities was growing and looting began in all sites where antiquities could be found. Give a Gift. There was nothing like the World War II-era Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives task force poised to secure, track down and recover Iraq's venerable treasures. Between April 8, when the museum was vacated, and April 12, when the first of the staff returned, clubs in hand, thieves had plundered 15,000 items, many of them choice antiquities: ritual vessels, heads from sculptures, amulets, Assyrian ivories and more than 5,000 cylinder seals. One by one they were opened, revealing the burial goods from the royal tombs of Ur, until one box remained. However, even under this Project no specific person had taken up responsibility of culture. 1. [32] A week later, the State Department announced it was forming a group to assist in the rebuilding of Iraq's cultural heritage. T/F, 2. The US started teaching military personnel headed for Iraq the importance of cultural heritage and site preservation. [23] Following this, the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) also sent a similar letter to the Pentagon in December 2002 asking for governments to take action to prevent looting in the aftermath of the war. [35] Looters concentrated on sites that had the most marketable artifacts. %PDF-1.6 %���� While 7,000 items have been recovered, more than 8,000 remain unaccounted for, including artefacts thousands of years old from some of the earliest sites in the Middle East. The looting proved less extensive than the early reports of 170,000 stolen artifacts, but the losses were nonetheless staggering. Looting has been a part of war at least since 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great strolled into the tent of King Darius III, helped himself to the vanquished Persian’s best tapestries and commandeered the royal bathtub for a soothing victory soak. Looting has been a part of war at least since 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great strolled into the tent of King Darius III, helped himself to the vanquished Persian's best tapestries and commandeered the royal bathtub for a soothing victory soak. In a courtyard smoldered the remains of hundreds of Ba'ath party cards and files. One of the great archaeological discoveries of the last hundred years, it had been seen in public only once, briefly, in 1989. 0000003522 00000 n [32], These announcements had no effect on the looting and illegal export of artifacts. 3. The museum looting should have been a clarion call for the need for better protection of antiquities in conflict zones, both from combatants and local populations. And, above the centre door to the main building, was a large handwritten sign 'Death to all Americans and Zionist pigs'. All the names for our week days come from Roman and Norse/Anglo-Saxon gods. All the looting at Baghdad's Iraq Museum had taken place by the time U.S. troops—engaged in toppling Saddam Hussein—arrived to protect it, on April 16, 2003. There was nothing like the World War II-era Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives task force poised to secure, track down and recover Iraq’s venerable treasures. [14] Even archaeological organizations in the US hadn't noticed the issue until late 2002. They saw its great metal door was wide open with no sign of a forced entry. 1. He was born in New York, as a boy worked in his family's Greek restaurant, became a marine, a reservist, a lawyer in the city's district attorney's office, lost his home in the 9/11 attacks, and had to use all his marine training to fight through crowds and emergency service workers to rescue his family from an flat whose windows were blown in and contents covered in two inches of ash. Bogdanos and his team dashed north to Baghdad, arriving April 20. An Arabic-speaking member of Bogdanos's team was posted on the gate to solicit returns, and the team walked the streets, drank endless cups of tea in cafes, and played backgammon with anyone who looked as if they might know something.

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