For Producer Robert Justman, this was a godsend as the production costs for the upcoming episode "The Galileo Seven" were spiraling out of control, as he stated in a memo he sent Roddenberry, evidently relieved, "'[Perlstein] has made what I consider a very advantageous deal and has accomplished this at a time when everyone thought all was lost." AMT made their promo models out of aluminum at first, but an AMT employee, George Toteﬀ, devised the “sliding pillar” tooling design, a way to produce complex shapes in plastic. , Since the mid-1990s several companies including: Tameo, Studio 27, Model Factory Hiro, and Renaissance have issued hundreds of Sports Car and Formula 1 subjects in limited-run, multimedia kit sets. In the case of Chrysler's later Turbine Car, where 50 real cars were put into consumer use, the model by Jo-Han was widely distributed as a good will gesture by Chrysler, though the Turbine was never actually marketed (Lehto 2010, pp. Licenses appear on models where model car manufacturers enter similar licensing agreements. ), Over time, market pressures have caused further changes in the way models are designed and manufactured. Viewed 2010. AMT ended its existence as an independent company in 1977 when it was acquired by Lesney Products, the owner of Matchbox. These were toys and replicas often made of lead and brass (Harvey 1974, p. 1995). AMT acquired the license to produce plastic model kits based on the series and announced their plan to produce a kit of the USS Enterprise. In a reflection of this, AMT needed a company to build both full-scale and scaled automobile mock-ups (typically out of wood at the time) to promotion… 87–88). The Enterprise and D7 model kits were the only model kits released while the series was still running, before its cancellation in 1969. Additionally, according to Doug Drexler, the design of the Leif Ericson was a co-influence on the design of the SS Conestoga, "The Conestoga is a colony transport ship with a slight design echo of the old DY-100, Greg Jein’s Star Trek Chronology ship, the Valiant, and the Poe\Jefferies Lief [sic.] Major manufacturers are AMT, MPC, Revell, Monogram, and Tamiya but many smaller plastics companies, like Aurora, Pyro, IMC, and Premier have come and gone. Many of these producers have focused on global auto marques producing vehicles that were produced in Russia or Brazil. Licenses are expensive, which enhances the position of mass producers of model cars, while smaller companies have been marginalized and forced out of business (Clor 1990). French Majorette also built their main factory in Bangkok. Crown 1/144 North American B-25H/J Mitchell, Hobbycraft 1/72 McDonnell F2H-3/-4 Banshee, Academy 1/72 Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress, Academy 1/72 Fairchild A-10A Thunderbolt II, AMT/ERTL 1/144 8833 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 'Foxbat', AMT/ERTL 1/144 8839 McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet, AMT/ERTL 1/144 8849 McDonnell Douglas F-4E/F Phantom II, AMT/ERTL 1/144 8856 McDonnell Douglas F-15C Eagle, AMT/ERTL 1/144 8857 General Dynamics F-111A Aardvark, AMT/ERTL 1/72 31777 Lockheed F-117A Stealth Fighter, AMT/ERTL 1/72 8637 General Dynamics M1 Abrams, AMT/ERTL 1/72 8694 McDonnell Douglas F-15A/C Eagle, AMT/ERTL 1/72 8696 General Dynamics F-16A Fighting Falcon, AMT/ERTL 1/72 8697 McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet, AMT/ERTL 1/72 8840 General Dynamics F-111A Aardvark, AMT/Matchbox 1/72 7114 Messerschmitt Me-262 Schwalbe/sturmvogel, https://esm.fandom.com/wiki/Category:AMT?oldid=17032. . Until then modelers had to make do with low-resolution blurry motion picture stills, taken under studio conditions on top of that which not rarely could lead to confusion and misconceptions (as had been the case with among others the D7-class, Galaxy-class and D'deridex-class, in the latter case somewhat ironically as AMT's photo on the box side of its 1989 three-piece kit had been the first-time publication of the model's true color which only added to the confusion of modelers who up until then only knew the two different on-screen and publicity versions), as good studio model reference material was still extremely hard, if at all, to come by on the early 1990s internet, nor was any available yet in print beyond a stray single equally low-resolution picture published here and there over multitude of more generic publications, be it licensed or unlicensed. Casting vehicles in various alloys, usually zinc (called zamac or mazac), became popular in the late 1930s and remained prominent after World War II (Earle 2009). Some companies went smaller to appeal to the hands of smaller children (about 1:60 scale or about 3 inches), which improved profit margins in packaging more items per carton, and increasing profit per vehicle sold. AMT’s first model was a 1947-1948 Ford Fordor sedan made of cast aluminum and painted with official Ford paint. Examples of well known companies are (or were) Corgi Toys, Dinky Toys, Matchbox, and Spot-On Models of the United Kingdom; Solido, Norev, and Majorette of France; Schuco Modell, Gama, and Siku of (West) Germany; Tekno of Denmark, and Mercury, Polistil and Mebetoys of Italy. Cabs Forward. The greater availability of labor there generally allowed the development of relatively complex toys to serve different markets in different countries. 1:24 and 1:18 scales did not become really popular until the late 1980s when other brands like Yatming and Maisto were produced in Hong Kong or China by either American or Asian companies. But often one of the BIG 3 favored a particular model maker. Collecting and trading these "promos" soon became a popular hobby. A few other model brands sporadically appeared in Singapore (Mandarin), South Korea (Jet Cars), or Taiwan before European, Australian, and American companies started outsourcing. New model specific magazines sprang up, such as Scale Auto Enthusiast, (now simply Scale Auto) and Model Cars Magazine'!'. Today, model companies have licensing arrangements with real car manufacturers to make replicas of their products, whether they be concepts, cars in current production, or models no longer produced. Still others are professional kit builders, who do not produce the kits themselves. The Spock figure kit originated from Aurora but a reciprocal leasing agreement gave AMT the exclusive rights to release the figure in the US. During the period 1966-1972, AMT chose not to market the Star Trek name outside of the US themselves. Limited editions of 2,500 were especially sought after. Mystery Ship was originally designed as the Leif Ericson by Original Series Art Director Matt Jefferies (with the forward bridge module having more than a passing resemblance of the conning tower of his SS Botany Bay) for an abandoned science fiction project named "Strategic Space Command." . Life and Death of a Giant. Among more collectible vehicles in Europe after World War II and during the 1950s, smaller scales, like 1:43, and 1:64 generally became popular first. The scales of toy and model cars vary according to historical precedent, market demand and the need for detail. On the heels of European diecast firms in Europe and the United States, Asian countries started to come on strong during the 1970s. This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:35. Jefferies' design officially featured in Star Trek at last, courtesy Drexler and Koerner. Collecting and trading these "promos" soon became a popular hobby. Warp Models in particular was noteworthy, as they only produced canon ships and where possible in-scale with those of the AMT product-line. AMT soon took control of SMP, another plastic promotional model producer. In the early 1950s Gallogly turned over the day-to-day operations to Toteff so he could focus on his main career. No Date. Some of the earliest promotional models were from the early 1930s, when TootsieToy introduced a line of 1932 Grahams and later, the 1935 LaSalle. AMT-Ertl then had a 24 year relationship until AMT was sold in 2007. In 1983, AMT was purchased by Ertl from Lesney, and renamed AMT/Ertl. For example, Jo-Han uncharacteristically produced the 1972 Ford Torino, and MPC did full-size Chevrolets in the early and mid-1970s. Company history of Revell-Monogram. Dinky production began in 1934, while Matchbox cars (often approx. Aurora Plastics Corporation, another noted model kit company, leased AMT's molds and released the models outside of the US. Recaptured Youth: A Reunion of the Fisher Body Craftsman's Guild. ( Log Out / However, in 2007, AMT changed hands yet again, this time acquired by Polar Lights owner Round 2 under whose ownership AMT (sporting the original imprint of AMT) started the run of re-releases in 2008 with a commemorative edition of its very first Enterprise model kit – (though the Enterprise kit was not a reissue of the original kit, but was instead a reissue of the model from much later renditions of the tooling, and was substantially different from the original AMT Enterprise model from 1966.) Some of these companies only produce kits – others produce kits and build them up to order. Others moved to larger scales from 1:43 toward 1:40, 1:38 or 1:35. The mid-1960s is generally considered the "golden age" of plastic model car kits.
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