3. Gerunds are used after prepositions. A. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. (You should meet Mr Moriarty at 10 o'clock this morning.) He wants to swim. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. In general, go +ing/gerund is used for free time activities. Gerund or Infinitive DRAFT. But you can use this form with any verb tense, changing the form of “go.” For example, “I went running this morning” or “We’re going to go kayaking next summer.” Hope that helps! 11. Infinitive vs Gerund. List of Verbs Followed by a Noun + an Infinitive, List of Verbs followed by a Gerund OR a Noun + Infinitive, List of Adjective + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds, List of Noun + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds. In the sentence "I want to go for a walk," the words "to go" are an infinitive. List of Verbs followed by a Gerund OR a Noun + Infinitive, 10. List of Verbs Followed by a Noun + an Infinitive, 9. Gerund - (to) infinitive 2 tasks - gerund and (to) infinitive ID: 1296968 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Grade 6 Age: 12-18 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Gerunds can often be modified with possessive forms such as his, her, its, your, their, our, John's, Mary's, the machine's, and so on. 7. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. These are also followed by gerunds. You don't have to memorize these resources, you just need to remember that gerunds are used after prepositions! (I'll never forget when I met her for the first time.) I don’t fancy _____ (go) out tonight. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. .Free exercises to learn English online Some verbs are usually followed by a gerund, BUT they can also be followed by a noun plus infinitive. After these verbs, a to-infinitive refers to the future, while a gerund expresses an earlier action, relative to the time of the verb in the main clause:. Otherwise certain verbs seem to prefer one or the other, but I feel like you have to memorize these case by case: I go to play piano on weekends. An infinitive is to + verb. 2 years ago. The earthquake caused many buildings to collapse. Get Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. “We … 66% average accuracy. 2. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. The second highlights that after the verb enjoy we use the gerund (going). … = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. 21. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Save. In part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial, we continue our list of tips on using gerunds and infinitives.We look at ways to modify each form and learn some additional situations in which gerunds and infinitives are required. Using a noun plus infinitive will usually change who is performing the action. When you are talking about an activity, you usually use a gerund. I don't think (lie) is ever right. Let’s go shopping. Edit. 8. It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. 2. 21. I quit smoking. I enjoy cooking. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Played 5643 times. This makes it clearer who or what is performing the action. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? I don’t fancy _____ (go) out tonight. × Instead, the second verb you must change to a gerund or infinitive. Reply valeryg. In some situations, the noun is required. Edit. In part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial, we continue our list of tips on using gerunds and infinitives. A gerund is a verb with “ing” at the end. English learners often have trouble knowing when to use a gerund or an infinitive. Infinitive or gerund exercises. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. need. Gerunds and Infinitives. Remember that there are many "adjective + preposition" combinations and "noun + preposition" combinations in English as well. Look at the following sentences: I want to go; I enjoy going; The first one shows that after the verb want we use the infinitive (to go). It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Gerund or Infinitive DRAFT. Gerunds and Infinitives. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. In English, you can’t put two verbs together in a sentence. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). English. This makes it a noun! Fill in the blanks with a gerund or an infinitive. In other situations, the noun is optional. 9th - 11th grade . For reference, see the Verb + Preposition Dictionary and the Phrasal Verb Dictionary. She is afraid of flying. I'll never forget meeting her for the first time. I feel like (go) to a movie. Go on + to-infinitive means to do the next action, which is often the next stage in a process: After introducing her proposal, she went on to explain the benefits for the company. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. by valeryg. I can’t go on working like this – I’m exhausted. I like drink coffee. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. 2 years ago. Go on + gerund means to continue with an action: He went on speaking for two hours. Don't forget to meet Mr Moriarty at 10 o'clock this morning. Some verbs are followed by a noun plus an infinitive. 9th - 11th grade. 12. There are no rules to learn. List of Adjective + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds and List of Noun + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds. What do you want (do) tonight? List of Go + Gerund Combinations. 1. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Most commonly, these are "verb + preposition" combinations. A crowd collected to watch Exercises for esl. There are many "go + gerund" expressions used for adventure sports and individual recreational activities. We look at ways to modify each form and learn some additional situations in which gerunds and infinitives are required. 2. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. Once again, you don't have to memorize these resources, you just need to remember that gerunds are used after prepositions! The gerund sounds a little more natural, as it can be awkward to repeat the same proposition more than once in a sentence, but the infinitive is fine. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. Answers 1. 3. For example: After like you can put either a gerund OR an infinitive. 5643 times.
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