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The LZW method achieves compression by using codes 256 through 4095 to represent sequences of bytes. The scenario described by Welch's 1984 paper encodes sequences of 8-bit data as fixed-length 12-bit codes. The algorithm is surprisingly simple. Also, Rosettacode lists several implementations of LZW in different languages. So images low on detail and with few tones will compress much more than images with lots of detail and lots of different tones. LZW Decompression. It starts with the first 256 table entries initialized to single characters. Instead, it just adds every new string of characters it sees to a table of strings. The LZW decompressor creates the same string table during decompression. LZW Decompression. At each stage in compression, input bytes are gathered into a sequence until the next character would make a sequence with no code yet in the dictionary. Each time the compression algorithm encounters this sequence in the input file, code 523 is placed in the encoded file. Compression occurs when a single code is output instead of a st… The code for the sequence (w… • Examples: LZW, LZ77, Sequitur, • Applications: Unix Compress, gzip, GIF Dictionary Data Compression -Lecture 19 3 LZW Encoding Algorithm Repeat find the longest match w in the dictionary output the index of w put wa in the dictionary where a was the unmatched symbol Dictionary Data Compression … For example, code 523 may represent the sequence of three bytes: 231 124 234. In a nutshell, LZW compression replaces strings of characters with single codes. The codes from 0 to 255 represent 1-character sequences consisting of the corresponding 8-bit character, and the codes 256 through 4095 are created in a dictionary for sequences encountered in the data as it is encoded. Terry Welch’s refinements to the 1978 algorithm were publishedin 1984. For example, code 523 may represent the sequence of three bytes: 231 124 234. The original Lempel Ziv approach to data compression was first published in in 1977, followed by an alternate approach in 1978. Compression using LZW. Compression using LZW. ZIP vs LZW TIFF Compression: Real-World Examples Compression algorithms are most efficient when they can group a lot of similar data. Each time the compression algorithm encounters this sequence in the input file, code 523 is placed in the encoded file. The LZW method achieves compression by using codes 256 through 4095 to represent sequences of bytes. It does not do any analysis of the incoming text. The LZW decompressor creates the same string table during decompression. Example 1: Use the LZW algorithm to compress the string: BABAABAAA The steps involved are systematically shown in the diagram below. 3- JPEG 2000 compression 4- JPEG 4:1:1 compression 5- JBIG compression 6- RLE Packbits compression 7- CMYK with RLE Packbits compression 8- YCC with RLE Packbits compression 9- LZW compression 10- CCITT Group 4 compression 11- CCITT Group 3 2-D compression Example 1: Use the LZW algorithm to compress the string: BABAABAAA The steps involved are systematically shown in the diagram below.

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