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Everyone in Mesopotamia lived in houses; The smallest for the poorest people and the larger two-story houses for the richest. They developed a variety of festivals, ceremonies, traditions, and more, which became an important part of many lives. Although instruments have been found, it is not known what kind of music they played. By Zainab Bahrani and Marc Van de Mieroop, University of Chicago Press. What were the important characteristics of its culture? The legacy of Mesopotamia endures today through many of the most basic aspects of modern life, such as the sixty second minute and the sixty minute minute. Each New Year began on the first visible lunar, after the vernal equinox. Division of labor People now have time to do other things besides farm! There has never been enough rain in the country to support an extensive agriculture. Its civilization was not only impressive in its own accomplishments, but provided an obvious basis for later feats by the Persians, the Greeks, and others. They carry down clay to the plains of the south, building up banks until the rivers are often higher than the surrounding countryside. The Culture of Mesopotamia Was rich and diverse, its technological and social advances, as well as many of its inventions, are recognized today in the world. Postgate, J. Nicholas; 1992. The name refers to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Today we are going to be looking at the basics. The inhabitants of Çatal Hüyük and its trading partners were completely forgotten until a generation ago. History of Mesopotamia, history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world’s earliest civilization developed. A city that is abandoned for any length of time has its buildings collapse and become filled with blowing sand. Google Books: Benchmark Education Company. Historians are attracted to Mesopotamia, and will continue be attracted to it because its story makes a good starting point for ancient history. Barbara Krasner. To protect an unborn child, the mother used to wear protective amulets, with the symbol of the demon Pazuzu to ward off deities who would wish to harm the unborn child, as well as perform rituals after the child's birth so that certain deities or demons would not steal to his son. Stephanie Dalley. It was a diverse and culturally rich civilization that grew for several thousands of years and was shaped by many ethnic groups. (2009, September 02). Art and poetry were a large part of rich cities. Google Books: Rosen Publishing Group. Sumerian became once again the written language of choice, although it was no longer spoken. General Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization In our last lecture we met our very first city. One of the largest cities was called Ur. We use cookies to provide our online service. Mesopotamia was a polytheistic nation, which expresses that they believed in many gods and goddesses. The ziggurats could have been as high as a 200-foot mountain. Trans. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 6.12 Analyze the impact of the introduction of written law in the Code of Hammurabi, and explain its basic principles of justice. Breasted later acclaimed as the Fertile Crescent, where the Mesopotamian civilization began. In our last lecture we met our very first city. Iain Rose , has written lot of news about ancient Mesopotamia characteristics, only l need tell It means "the land between the rivers." It retains few visible signs of its ancient greatness. ( Log Out /  These were made as sanctuaries. After 150 years, this area began to collapse in turmoil, and once the united cities began to function independently of each other. In their daily lives, men went out to work, usually a specialized job, for example a builder or a musician, while the women stayed at home and looked after the house and raised their children. The serfs were qualified as free residents and were protected by law. Change ), Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilizations. or a bit later are, however, overshadowed by an even greater urban movement that took place in a region nearby, Mesopotamia, the land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, modern Iraq. Many of the rituals and ceremonies were based on certain rites of passage, such as birth and marriage. Routledge: London and New York. (1998). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Six of the most important 6 traits of civilization A civilization is a complex culture in which large numbers of human beings share a number of common elements. Because the well-being of the community depended on careful observation of natural phenomena, scientific or proto-scientific activities occupied much of the time of the priests. Here, the common language was the Acadian. We have pictures from later periods that give us an idea of what this world looked like. 6.11 Identify important achievements of the Mesopotamian civilization, including cuneiform, clay tablets, and ziggurats, and identify the Epic of Gilgamesh as the oldest written epic. Their new way of life made it possible for them to acquire personal and civic wealth and required them to create new political and religious institutions. Historians have identified the basic characteristics of civilizations. Mesopotamian civilization is considered to be the first civilization known to man, originated in the fertile valley between Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Nevertheless, they were at the same time henoteístas, which appears that certain gods were superior or that many gods were the incarnation or appearances of a main God. The Mesopotamian social strata had three major classes: government officials, nobles and priests resided on the top; Secondly, a class consisting of merchants, craftsmen, workers and farmers; At the end of the social chain were the captives of war and slaves. They could be crafters, traders, builders, leaders Stable Food Supply People didn't need to move around= permanent settlements! ISBN 978-0226067278. This was a result of their leaving no written records of any sort, and later generations never knew they had been there. 6.08 Analyze how advancements in agriculture in Sumer led to economic growth, expansion of trade and transportation, and the emergence of independent city-states. Retrieved from ancient.eu. The average number of children in each household was generally about 3 or 4 children, although these are only those who survived a certain age. In the last Mesopotamian period, the people began to order the deities in order of importance. The number sixty, sacred to the god Anu, was his basic unit of calculation. Overview: Students will analyze the geographic, political, economic, and cultural structures of the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia. The cities had their own kings and gods, and did not form a set but were independent of each other. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Mark, J. J. Each god had a priest, a sanctuary and a traditional rite, and there were an impressive number of chapels scattered in the cities. ( Log Out /  Mesopotamia was on a large floodplain and built an extensive artificial irrigation system that allowed it to grow a large amount of food.

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