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Includes free maps, articles, and timelines for education, reference, and teacher resources. The northwestern part, which includes the Sahara (desert) and that part of North Africa known as the Maghrib, has two mountainous regions—the Atlas Mountains in northwestern Africa, which are believed to be part of a system that extends into southern Europe, and the Ahaggar (Hoggar) Mountains in the Sahara. 8500 BC – 6500 BC. The latter is further sectioned into local municipalities. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see such articles as Alexandria, Cairo, Cape Town, Johannesburg, and Kinshasa. Life for the African people during colonization was difficult. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Of these Madagascar, one of the largest islands in the world, is the most significant. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. It is the eastern part of the Great Escarpment enclosing the plateau land to the north. Africa, the second largest continent, covering about one-fifth of the total land surface of Earth. Home; Atlas; Encyclopedia; Teachers; Premium; Login; All the world's history - at your fingertips! Featured BiographyBooker T. By 1900, when the force of the quick colonization was over, the majority of the land in Africa was divided up amongst seven different European colonizing nations: Britain, France, S… Paradoxically, the coastline of Africa—18,950 miles (30,500 km) in length—is shorter than that of Europe, because there are few inlets and few large bays or gulfs. Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana border it to the north. Start your journey of the Earth here. Britannia Kids Holiday Bundle! Prior to the wave of European colonization, the geography of Africa was generally misunderstood. Both World War 1 and World War 2 saw significant campaigns on African soil, and also thousands of African troops serving in other parts of the world in the service of the colonial powers. World Map / Continents / Europe / Spain / Timeline. We've got you covered with our map collection. Africa’s total land area is approximately 11,724,000 square miles (30,365,000 square km), and the continent measures about 5,000 miles (8,000 km) from north to south and about 4,600 miles (7,400 km) from east to west. African regions are treated under the titles Central Africa, eastern Africa, North Africa, Southern Africa, and western Africa; these articles also contain the principal treatment of African historical and cultural development. The Hardest Languages to Learn in the World. Feature Invasive Species In The Florida Everglades. In general the plateau may be divided into a southeastern portion and a northwestern portion. Find out by taking this quiz about Africa. 3. Its northern extremity is Al-Ghīrān Point, near Al-Abyaḍ Point (Cape Blanc), Tunisia; its southern extremity is Cape Agulhas, South Africa; its farthest point east is Xaafuun (Hafun) Point, near Cape Gwardafuy (Guardafui), Somalia; and its western extremity is Almadi Point (Pointe des Almadies), on Cape Verde (Cap Vert), Senegal. During a period lasting from 1881 to 1914 in what was known as the Scramble for Africa, several European nations took control over areas of the African continent. Thorn woodland, grassland, and semidesert vegetation, Africa - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Africa - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. At the height of colonization, only three sections of the continent had been untouched by European settlers: In the years 1884 and 1885, the Berlin Conference formalized European colonization of Africa. Search Omniatlas × Close. ), isiZulu (official) 24.7%, isiXhosa (official) 15.6%, Afrikaans (official) 12.1%, Sepedi (official) 9.8%, Setswana (official) 8.9%, English (official) 8.4%, Sesotho (official) 8%, Xitsonga (official) 4%, siSwati (official) 2.6%, Tshivenda (official) 2.5%, isiNdebele (official) 1.6%, other (includes Khoi, Nama, and San languages) 1.9% (2017 est. The amount of land that each country owned was considered to be a great indicator of power, with every state wanting to do better than their neighbor. Immediately to the left of the International Date Line (the date) is always one day ahead of the date (or day) immediately to the right of the International Date Line in the Western Hemisphere. By 1900, when the force of the quick colonization was over, the majority of the land in Africa was divided up amongst seven different European colonizing nations: Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Italy, and Portugal. The Romans, who for a time ruled the North African coast, are also said to have called the area south of their settlements Afriga, or the Land of the Afrigs—the name of a Berber community south of Carthage. There is very little coastal plain in South Africa except for some parts of KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape. To a smaller extent, Germany and Italy had, too. Where are the kingdom of Kush and the kingdom of Bantu located? European colonizers were able to attain control over much of Africa through diplomatic pressure, aggressive enticement, and military invasions. The Islamic religion, which the Arabs carried with them, spread from North Africa into many areas south of the Sahara, so that many western African peoples are now largely Islamized. Africa Timeline Use pages 80-89 in The Nystrom Atlas of World History book Label the boxes according to the date with at least 2 examples each 3000 B.C. Africa contains an enormous wealth of mineral resources, including some of the world’s largest reserves of fossil fuels, metallic ores, and gems and precious metals. South Africa Bordering Countries: Thus, although Africa is the second largest continent, it contains only about 10 percent of the world’s population and can be said to be underpopulated. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Mostly thanks to a sunny climate, beautiful historic cities, and clean beaches, Spain is one of the world's most visited countries. Much like what occurred in North and South America, European colonizers brought the Christian faith to Africa through missionaries. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. These are Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, and Western Cape. - Press a location on the map to start your expedition. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. The enclave of Lesotho can be marked on the blank map of the country. What is Rhodesia called today? 100 000 BC . South Africa is divided into nine provinces as shown on the political map above. It is also the Eastern Hemisphere's southernmost mainland country. The Drakensberg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its spectacular landscapes. Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas of South Africa are two notable capes in the country and can be observed on the map above. It overlooks the city of Cape Town and attracts many visitors. Physical Map View Map. Throughout the colonial period, the societies that had been established in Africa fought hard to fend off their European colonizers. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Africa’s total land area is approximately 11,724,000 square miles (30,365,000 square km), and the continent measures about 5,000 miles (8,000 km) from north to south and about 4,600 miles (7,400 km) from east to west. With an area of 372,889 sq. Colonialism is the act by which a country or state exerts control and domination over another country or state. Flags of every country, state, province, and territory.

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