- Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous." 9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-john-3.html. Cain’s πονηρὰ ἔργα prove that he is ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ. This sheds further light upon what is recorded in Genesis 4, where it is recorded merely that Cain rose up and slew his brother. Lit., on account of what. But was Cain born of the devil? Abel answered and said to Cain, there is judgment, and there is a Judge, and there is another world; and there are gifts of a good reward to the righteous, and vengeance will be taken on the wicked; and the world was created in mercy, and in mercy it is governed, for according to the fruit of good works it is governed; because that my works are better than thine, my offering is kindly accepted, and thine is not kindly accepted; and they both strove together in the field, and Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.'. 1599-1645. of that wicked one — Translate, “evil one,” to accord with “Because his own works were evil.” Compare 1 John 3:8, “of the devil,” in contrast to “of God,” 1 John 3:10. slew he him? Why, his brother was righteous, and he was wicked; and the seed of the wicked one which was in him induced him to destroy his brother, because the seed of God - the Divine nature, was found in him. “Backward they turned the necks of the fat beeves, And cut their throats ( ἕσφαζαν ), and flayed the carcasses.”. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 John 3:12". The construction is irregular. Proud member And wherefore slew he him - For any fault? Winer, 545. 12. 43. To slay, kill by violence, slaughter, wound mortally. 1-john 3:12 - Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. In later Greek it means simply to slay, especially with violence. Surely this does not mean, Blow out their brains, or, Cut their throats. The verb σφάζειν (besides here, only in the Apocalypse), strictly used of slaughter, indicates the violence of the action;(221) the diabolical character of it is brought out by the following: καὶ χάριν τίνος κ. τ. λ.; the form of the sentence in question and answer serves to bring out emphatically the thought contained in it, that the hatred of Cain towards his brother was founded in his hatred towards the good, i.e. We must not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and killed his brother. Cain is dead, saith another, but I could wish that he did not still live in his heirs and executors, Qui clavam eius sanguine Abelis rubentem, ut rem sacram circumferunt, adorant et venerantur, who bear about and make use of Cain’s club, to knock on the head God’s righteous Abels. Because Cain had been doing what was evil, and his brother had been doing what was righteous. It is very instructive to mark the progress of his mind under the influence of his envious feelings. - What could induce a brother to imbrue his hands in a brother's blood? 1 John 3:12 Context. 1 John 3:12 Context. "Commentary on 1 John 3:12". Because his own works were evil, and his brother‘s righteous — through envy and hatred of his brother‘s piety, owing to which God accepted Abel‘s, but rejected Cain‘s offering. 1 John 3:12 King James Version (KJV) 12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. They are deceitful and gradual. not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. The apostle seems desirous to guard those to whom he wrote against the indulgence of any feelings that were the opposite of love; from anything like envy toward more highly favored brethren, by showing to what this would lead if fairly acted out, as in the case of Cain. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-john-3.html. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2019, GodTube.com. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Moab was irked because of Israel, or did fret and vex at them, as Exodus 1:12, yet they were allied, and passed by them in peace, and, by the slaughter of the Amorites, freed them from evil neighbours which had taken away part of their land, and might do more, as one hath well observed. That alone can change the human heart. Renewal 1960. Who is not in the Greek. Because his own works, &c.] The old enmity, Genesis 3:15. In the Hebrew text in Genesis 4:8; there is an extraordinary large pause, as if a discourse of this kind, which passeth between the two brothers, was to be inserted. Were there no οὐ, 1 John 3:11 might be regarded as a parenthesis: “he that loveth not his brother, even as Cain was, etc.”. "Commentary on 1 John 3:12". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. His was a most remarkable and striking instance of a want of love to a brother, and the case was well adapted to illustrate the propriety of the duty which the apostle is enjoining. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible".
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